After the computer revolution in the architecture sector with the emergence of CAD technology, we are nowadays with the second great revolution of the sector, the methodology known as BIM.
The BIM (Building Information Modeling) working system consists of a collaborative work methodology for the creation and management of a construction project. Its objective is to centralize all the information of the project in a digital information model created by all its agents.
In this way, the use of BIM in architectural offices involves the evolution of the traditional design systems based on the plane, since it incorporates geometric (3D), time (4D), cost (5D), environmental (6D ) and maintenance (7D).
BIM technology goes beyond the design phases, covering the execution of the project and extending it throughout the life cycle of the building, allowing its management and reducing the operating costs.
The implementation of BIM in architectural offices is gaining more and more relevance, as well as in the engineering sector, although in this case to a lesser extent.
BIM at international and local level
The countries that lead the development of the BIM methodology worldwide are the United States, Chile, the United Arab Emirates, Finland, Canada, Australia, China and Singapore.
Among them is the United States where BIM technology is essential in all public administration projects since 2007.
In Europe, the BIM methodology in architectural offices is also being implemented little by little, with Scandinavian countries as pioneers. In Spain, work is underway to adopt this system of work with the objective for the year 2020 that all facilities and public infrastructures take place in BIM in all phases of design, construction and maintenance.
Let’s see how it is possible to implement BIM in architectural offices locally.
Example of implementation BIM in architectural offices
In CASA Solo we have worked for 4 years with BIM as a usual working tool since it allows us to work collaboratively. In our case we use Revit software, both in new projects and in competitions.
In the case of new construction projects the BIM system is a very useful methodology because it allows, through the creation of the three-dimensional model, to quickly modify the model and extract relevant data such as quantities of materials, surfaces or other documents.
Concerning the competitions, the use of BIM in architectural offices allows to move at a great speed, especially in the early stages of design, since it is possible to visualize geometry from the beginning, which greatly facilitates the conception of the building.
In our case, working in the hospital architecture sector we handle volumes of considerable dimensions and the fact of having a 3D model on which work allows us to equip projects with more space wealth and better integration with the environment.
BIM software and possible integrations
The most frequent software programs for the use of BIM in architectural and engineering offices are Revit (Autodesk), ArchiCAD (Graphisoft), Allplan (Nemetschek) or Tekla (Trimble).
This software can be integrated with other programs more related to the engineering sector that complement the accuracy of the BIM methodology. An example is the Solibri Model Checker (SMC) software used to detect potential failures (“clash detection”) before placing a single brick.
It also performs detection of advanced collisions or project deficiencies, through greater quality control in the design, construction and maintenance of spaces.
Other alternatives of software integrations to improve the execution control of the building is Navisworks, from the company AutoDesk. This other software allows a greater coordination, construction simulation and analysis of the entire project for the review of integrated projects.
As always, we end up recalling our commitment to the design and modeling of the current and future health spaces, through the implementation of the most advanced methodologies in our office.
As architects, our work can contribute to improve the quality of life of patients, family and professionals, through the implementation of the functioning and structure of the hospital spaces.