Master Plans in hospital’s design consist of the overall architectural solution of a hospital, within a defined time horizon, once its functional and physical structure is defined.
They define the strategic phases of action for the future growth and development of the hospital complex, based on the new needs defined by the centre and the care model they represent.
To this end, the Master Plan provides the necessary tools to initiate a process of reflection, transformation and decision making that will affect the future development of the centre.
It is an element of analysis of physical and economic viability vital to keep the health centre at the forefront of the current and future health scenario.
Current factors of change in hospitals
One of the main factors of change to be taken into account in the Master Plans in hospital’s design is the new orientation of services of the centres due to the appearance of new pathologies and methods of management.
In the same way, the tendency to reduce the area dedicated to hospitalization also changes with the greater ambulatory treatment and care.
Other factors to be taken into account are the cost constraints, which have led to major problems of financing health services, along with demographic changes in population. Also, an increasingly important factor is the consideration of construction costs.
The development of new technologies and the use of existing ones also influence the structure of hospitals, as well as the change in the physical space of hospitals or the need for the hospital to acquire a community dimension oriented towards the health of the population .
In general, we know that hospitals are immersed in a continuous process of changes, which in many cases involve the completion of works.
In many cases, these works, often extensions and / or remodelling, do not have the necessary planning, responding more to the specific need of the moment than to a future scenario, where they take into account all the factors of change that can intervene.
Hence the need for the drafting of the Master Plans, which are living documents and the only guarantee of success to provide harmony in the changes of the physical structure of the hospital.
Valuing all these factors, at the moment of making Master Plans in hospital’s design is essential to pose a process in stages.
Let’s see how to structure these different phases of a Master Plan.
Stages of the Master Plans hospital’s design
The first stage of any Master Plan is the analysis of the information necessary to choose the model or functional structure of the hospital we are studying.
Thus, it is important to carry out an initial analysis of the current and future health demand of the population, together with the analysis of existing health resources in the area attached to the hospital.
Secondly, the study of the urban, building and spatial organization characteristics of the health centre is particularly important. It is crucial to have all the information about the current state of the building in order to plan its future development.
Then, once all the information obtained from this first study is synthesized and to conclude this first stage, it is necessary to propose proposals for the functional structure of the hospital.
These proposals should include the distribution by areas, the health services with their level and resources, the health centre management objectives and the space distribution model for the health care units.
As for the second stage to be carried out in the process of creating the Master Plans in hospital’s design we find the analysis and proposals of the alternatives of physical structure of the centre, to end up determining the layout of the spaces in the hospital.
In addition to the physical layout of the hospital, it will also be essential to define the overall cost of the intervention, the overall schedule for the development of the plan and the degree of compliance with the objectives established in the first stage.
In the third stage of the Master Plans in hospital’s design, its execution will be technically developed, projecting the planning of the actions to carry it out.
The methodology to be followed will be to define the necessary actions and actions, as well as to make a temporary and economic planning of the same ones.
As always, finish remembering the commitment of CASA Solo with the design and planning of the current and future health spaces.
As architects, our work can contribute to improve the quality of life of patients, families and professionals, by implementing the operation and structure of hospital spaces.